¿Reemplazará la IA al humano en el trabajo?

Introducción

Hace tiempo que hay un debate muy interesante sobre la mesa . El debate es, ¿reemplazará la IA a los humanos en el trabajo? Y en caso de que esto sucediese, ¿sería capaz el humano de reciclarse y adaptarse a un nuevo mundo laboral?

Debida a la irrupción de robots, automatización y el desarrollo de la inteligencia artificial (IA), el mundo laboral ya ha comenzado a cambiar sectores como son la industria o la automoción. Según un estudio de PwC, en España este cambio no será significativo hasta la década de 2030, pero una vez dado este cambio se dice que 1 de cada 3 trabajos pasarán a ser hechos por una máquina.

La OCDE afirma en un informe de 2017 que un 11,7 de los puestos de trabajo en España tienen alta probabilidad de ser automatizados durante las próximas décadas.

Ludismo

Que la sociedad tenga miedo de que haya máquinas que les puedan quitar el trabajo no es algo nuevo. Ya allá a principio del siglo XIX hubo un movimiento conocido como “ludismo”. Este movimiento fue propulsado por artesanos ingleses que veían como podían perder sus trabajo debido a la industrialización. La respuesta de estos fue quemar fábricas, talleres… A pesar de ello no fueron capaces de frenar un movimiento imparable como la industrialización.

Oportunidades y amenazas

Está claro que la automatización de gran parte del mundo laboral traería un cambio muy grande a nuestras vidas, pero veamos cuáles son las oportunidades y cuáles las amenazas.

Está claro que hay ciertos perfiles que se verán más beneficiados que otros. En este caso vemos como los trabajos relacionados con la ciencia, la tecnología, la ingeniería y las matemáticas son los que tendrán un mayor protagonismo. Aunque quizá la mayor oportunidad que nos brinda este panorama es la de eliminar trabajos de poco valor añadido. Esto se debe a que la IA podrá realizar este tipo de tareas y así nosotros podremos estar más enfocados en tareas más cualificadas.

Actualmente hay muchas preguntas acerca de la IA. ¿Qué puede hacerse con la IA? o ¿Cómo puede aplicarse la IA de forma ética?, la cosa es mucho más compleja, y aquí entra una de las amenazas. En el momento en que las decisiones en el espacio laboral empiezan a basarse en criterios no controlados por un humano, surgen una serie de adversidades que han de incluirse en cualquier debate sobre la «ética» en la aplicación y el uso de la IA. En este artículo existe más información acerca de la ética en el uso de la IA.

¿Nos adaptaremos a este nuevo panorama? 

Es quizá el tema central de esto, porque damos por hecho que esta automatización se dará, ¿pero que va a pasar con nosotros? ¿Qué perfiles serán los más demandados? 

La capacidad de aprendizaje va a ser clave en los próximos años, estar constantemente estudiando, informado de nuevas tendencias… El profesional del futuro será alguien que esté en constante adaptación al proyecto en el que esté desarrollando su función. Es por ello que la capacidad de aprendizaje va a ser lo que salve a las personas de no verse excluidas del mundo laboral. Hay habilidades como la creatividad y la inteligencia emocional que permitirán explotar el potencial humano y permitirán a las personas mejorar a los robots en vez de ser sustituidos por ellos.

Perfiles más demandados

¿Y cuáles serán los perfiles más demandados del futuro y los que lo tendrán más difícil? Apunta a que los trabajos más afectados serán aquellos que requieran una menor formación, así como aquellos relacionados con las ventas, la administración y tareas de oficinas… Por el contrario habrá un incremento en la demanda de profesionales que sean capaces de de liderar proyectos, equipos… Así como aquellos que tengan una gran creatividad y pensamiento crítico, que al fin y al cabo son cualidades en las que los humanos siempre seremos superiores a las máquinas (a priori). Además, según un estudio realizado por ManpowerGroup, 8.000 directivos de 43 países creen que a corto y medio plazo habrá un aumento de empleos relacionados con el sector de tecnología de la información, así como expertos en robótica y relacionados.

Conclusión

Una vez sabemos que la IA se incorporará tarde o temprano al mundo laboral, es necesario preguntarse, ¿ realmente la IA es estrictamente necesaria para el futuro del mundo laboral?, ¿nos llevará a un escenario mucho más fructífero como se proclama, o será un retroceso?

Aunque las máquinas a día de hoy tienen una capacidad de procesamiento y aprendizaje muy alta, estas carecen de bagaje histórico, de contexto. Al fin y al cabo trabajan con los datos que un humano les proporciona, por lo que pueden caer en los mismos errores que nosotros. Es por ello que debemos pensar, ¿en qué posición de poder debemos colocar a la máquinas dentro del mundo laboral? Si algo está claro, es que la inteligencia humana debe prevalecer, mientras que la máquina se convierte en un complemento más que útil.

Las máquinas pueden llegar a humanizar incluso más nuestro trabajo, ¿y porque decimos esto? porque al final el propósito de la IA es eliminar trabajos repetitivos y con un valor añadido muy bajo. Puede entenderse como una oportunidad para aumentar el valor de los empleados, para eliminar esos trabajos poco agradecidos e incrementar la creatividad, el análisis, la toma de decisiones… En definitiva, devolverle el sentido al trabajo, que en estos tiempos que corren es algo esencial para generaciones venideras.

WRITTEN BY

Alejandro Ferrer

Saturdays.AI

Saturdays.AI

Saturdays.AI is an impact-focused organization on a mission to empower diverse individuals to learn Artificial Intelligence in a collaborative and project-based way, beyond the conventional path of traditional education

La inteligencia artificial y la viticultura

Introducción

La inteligencia artificial tarde o temprano creará ventajas para la viticultura. Esta ha llegado a los viñedos con el fin de poder garantizar la optimización de la producción de estos, así como la mejora en la calidad del vino que se produce. España tiene la mayor superficie de vitivinícola del mundo, con casi un millón de hectáreas, tal como nos afirma el Observatorio Español del Mercado del Vino (OEMV).

Ventajas

Con la utilización de la inteligencia artificial, se trata de ayudar al productor a conseguir múltiples ventajas. Por una parte, la decisión de seleccionar el momento óptimo de cosecha, identificar los parámetros nutricionales de las plantas o predecir las áreas dónde tendrán la producción adecuada para crear diferentes tipos de vinos.

En segundo lugar, con la implementación de nuevas estrategias tecnológicas, se tratará de reducir los costes generales incluso mejorando la calidad del vino producido. A partir de estos nuevos parámetros, seremos conocedores de los lugares de estrés hídrico, mediremos los nutrientes de la tierra o alertaremos de posibles enfermedades que puedan padecer las vides.

Figura 1. Fuente: PixaBay

Por otro lado, también mejoraremos el riego en los viñedos así como la disminución de sulfitos en bodega. Para conseguirlo, las técnicas utilizadas incorporarán algoritmos híbridos de inteligencia artificial y DeepReinforcementLearning capaces de homogeneizar los procesos y transferir la información a un sistema, para así garantizar la calidad y salubridad del vino que llega al consumidor.

Proyectos

Actualmente, conocemos múltiples proyectos que se han llevado a cabo o que todavía están siendo probados. De entre estos, cabe destacar:

-Proyecto AI4EU bajo el paraguas Horizon 2020 de la Comisión Europea.

INTELWINES, proyecto de I+D individual.

A partir de drones o satélites se captan diversas imágenes, donde posteriormente estas son incorporadas en una base de datos y procesadas a través de los algoritmos, pudiendo así mejorar la producción y medir la calidad de la uva.

El cambio climático, también es uno de los otros factores a tener en cuenta a la hora de rediseñar posibles soluciones y adaptar los cultivos a la nueva era que estamos viviendo. Readaptar los procesos con los recursos que nos ofrezca la inteligencia artificial nos permitirá planificar a largo plazo y poder actuar de la manera más correcta, reduciendo así la huella medioambiental.

Conclusión

En resumen, todavía muchos proyectos están en desarrollo y a la espera de ver sus resultados a fin de obtener una mejoría en este sector y poder ofrecer la mejor calidad de vino a los consumidores, consiguiendo así pues, la optimización de recursos revirtiendo tanto en la sostenibilidad medioambiental como en la calidad de la uva.

Figura 2. Fuente: PixaBay

Bibliografía

Written By

Eva Arnall

Saturdays.AI

Saturdays.AI

Saturdays.AI is an impact-focused organization on a mission to empower diverse individuals to learn Artificial Intelligence in a collaborative and project-based way, beyond the conventional path of traditional education

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WhatsApp shared ‘technical jargon’ with govt agency

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me, that it might be the mirror of my soul, as my soul is the mirror of the infinite God!

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.

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Martin Sorrell acquires Silicon Valley digital marketing group

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me, that it might be the mirror of my soul, as my soul is the mirror of the infinite God!

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.

demo-attachment-513-business-young-people-meeting-conference-65BA9P7

Massive Growth in Web Marketing Market during …

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me, that it might be the mirror of my soul, as my soul is the mirror of the infinite God!

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.

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Workflow Mobile Interface illustrations

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me, that it might be the mirror of my soul, as my soul is the mirror of the infinite God!

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.

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Login Mobile Interface illustrations

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me, that it might be the mirror of my soul, as my soul is the mirror of the infinite God!

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.

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People with Money Landing Page Illustration

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me, that it might be the mirror of my soul, as my soul is the mirror of the infinite God!

O my friend — but it is too much for my strength — I sink under the weight of the splendor of these visions! A wonderful serenity has taken possession of my entire soul, like these sweet mornings of spring which I enjoy with my whole heart. I am alone, and feel the charm of existence in this spot, which was created for the bliss of souls like mine.

I am so happy, my dear friend, so absorbed in the exquisite sense of mere tranquil existence, that I neglect my talents. I should be incapable of drawing a single stroke at the present moment; and yet I feel that I never was a greater artist than now.

When, while the lovely valley teems with vapor around me, and the meridian sun strikes the upper surface of the impenetrable foliage of my trees, and but a few stray gleams steal into the inner sanctuary, I throw myself down among the tall grass by the trickling stream; and, as I lie close to the earth, a thousand unknown plants are noticed by me: when I hear the buzz of the little world among the stalks, and grow familiar with the countless indescribable forms of the insects and flies, then I feel the presence of the Almighty, who formed us in his own image, and the breath of that universal love which bears and sustains us, as it floats around us in an eternity of bliss; and then, my friend, when darkness overspreads my eyes, and heaven and earth seem to dwell in my soul and absorb its power, like the form of a beloved mistress, then I often think with longing, Oh, would I could describe these conceptions, could impress upon paper all that is living so full and warm within me.